Daily phonics sessions provide a very structured approach, children are taught in smaller groups and progress is assessed regularly.
At Whaley Bridge Primary School we use the Jolly Phonics and Letters and Sounds programme. Children are taught to recognise the sounds and blend them together into words for meaning. All children are taught one way of representing the 44 main sounds of English first, then go on to learn the alternative spellings later on.
In Phase 2, letters and their sounds are introduced one at a time. A set of letters is taught each week, in the following sequence:
Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
During Phase 3 twenty-five new graphemes are introduced.
Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
The following tricky words (which can’t yet be decoded) are introduced:
he, she, we, me, be, was, you, they, all, are, my, her
Children will already be able to read and spell words with adjacent consonants, such as ‘trap’, ‘string’ and ‘flask’. They will also be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words.
In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ‘ai’ as in ‘rain’, but now they will be introduced to ‘ay’ as in ‘day’ and ‘a-e’ as in ‘make’.
Alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.
During Phase 5, the following tricky words (which can’t yet be decoded) are introduced:
oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked, could
When teaching the letter sounds, it is important to remember to keep them very ‘pure’ and distinct, to help with sound blending later on. Watch the Phoneme Pronunciation Guide DVD to hear the correct way to say each sound.